Tajik plans for Rogun hydro-energy dam aggravating neighbors
Tajikistan's Foreign Minister Sirojidin Aslov recently commented about the ongoing construction of the Rogun dam in Tajikistan. He told reporters in Brussels recently that Dushanbe has always taken into account the interests of the neighboring downstream countries.
Tajikistan is hoping to give the Central Asian nation a stable energy supply with the successful completion of the dam.
The Rogun dam has been under construction since 1976. Experts note that once completed the dam could add up to the existing problems in the region. For example, former President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov always opposed the construction, arguing it would reduce the water flow for the cotton-rich country.
What’s more interesting is that the Human Rights Watch (HRW) has also criticized the project, saying that many families residing in the Rogun dam area would suffer disruptions in access to housing, food, water, and education after the government resettles them to other areas.
Furthermore, Kyrgyzstan is building the Kambarata hydroelectric power station. Together these two constructions were called “construction sites of the century.” The Kambarata hydro power plant will be the most powerful in Kyrgyzstan. It will provide enough electricity for the whole country and even for export.
However, Aslov insisted on the argument of the “irrational use,” and that there is enough water in the whole region.
Numerous international experts have already labelled the water problem in the region as a global catastrophe. This problem, they say, can play a key role in the water crisis in the whole Central Asian region. The increase of the water flow in rivers is forecasted in the medium term but in the long run it is quite possible that the water level in rivers might drop.
International experts believe the transboundary river issue is a of a regional scale and must be addressed by all the five of the Central Asian states together before it is too late.