Foreign Relations / Economy / Opinions / Kazakhstan / Kyrgyzstan / Tajikistan / Turkmenistan / Uzbekistan

Op-ed: Who is backing the idea of instability in Central Asia

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26-12-2017, 11:45
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With Edwards relocating to Central Asia experts warn of inevitable instability in Kyrgyzstan. This would benefit the US and hinder China's economic expansion to the east. What’s more, this move infuriates Russia, which does not need a hotbed of instability at its southern borders. After all, there is no guarantee that the flames of unrest would not spread from Kyrgyzstan to the neighboring countries.

Op-ed: Who is backing the idea of instability in Central Asia

A couple of months ago, Christopher Edwards was appointed director of the USAID mission in Central Asia. Considering the USAID is a subdivision of the US Department of State, and Edwards previously was appointed in countries where anti-government riots and even revolutions began soon after – major upheavals could soon be expected in the Central Asian region. 

It's no secret that the United States - were implicated in almost all conflicts in the last couple of decades. Their intervention was, most often, indirect and in a form of humanitarian or advisory support, sponsored through numerous international and organizations or public funds. The largest of the funds is the Soros Foundation.

They say, the White House disintegrated the USSR through the Soros Foundation, created and initiated by George Soros and the Soviet-American Fund "Cultural Initiative" in support of science, culture and education was a good cover for financing various revolutionary way in the country. As a result, this led to the August events and later to the events that occurred in December 1991. In recent years, the Foundation has been banned from Belarus and Uzbekistan. The Prosecutor General's Office of Russia openly spoke out of the Soros Foundation, its "Open Society" and "Open Society Assistance Foundation", as unwanted on the territory of Russia. In the spring this year, Hungary stated that the structures of the American financier openly interfere in the internal affairs of the country, trying to influence public opinion, including through educational programs. The country closed the University of Soros. Most recently, Austria announced the closure of the Soros Foundation "Open Society" for trying to undermine the democracy of the nation.

In all these cases there was a constant "negative reaction" from Washington, which tried to protect the interests of a seemingly private public fund. Through which the State Department was actively trying to raise popular unrest in, as it turned out, not only the "countries of the developing world", but also in such countries-allies as Austria for example.

However, Soros institutions are one of many instruments of influence. A more effective tool is exclusively the US state structures. For example, the USAID Agencies for International Development. USAID is the central government body of the United States in the field of rendering assistance abroad. For many developing or under-developed countries, USAID served as an adviser and, most importantly, a sponsor for the development of public administration. But more often than not, its advisers, most of whom are state agents of the US State Department, are ticking "time bombs".

One of them is the current Director of the USAID Regional Mission in Central Asia, Christopher Edwards. He is a man with a lot of experience and has a very interesting resume.

Edwards has been working at the USAID since 1993. And all these years he worked in countries where, by a strange coincidence, soon after his appearance, armed clashes began between the acting authorities and the opposition.

He worked in Ukraine, when legally the USAID helped the government of Ukraine "build democracy", from 2001 to 2005. The top priority of Edwards’s activities in Kiev was the Orange Revolution.

Back then, Victor Yushchenko and his associates, sponsored by the US State Department through USAID, launched a massive disinformation campaign against the-then President Viktor Yanukovych and his government. All that happened amid Ukraine’s unprecedented high rates of economic growth. The reason for destabilization was Kiev's course toward the accession to the Common Economic Space with Belarus Russia and Kazakhstan and its actual exit from the US influence.

As a result, the political regime was replaced and the country was embroiled in mass protests, which nearly turned into a civil war when the first separatist attempts to declare the South-East of Ukraine an Autonomous Republic occurred. The economy of Ukraine degraded a decade back overnight.

Another example of Edwards’s activity as the director of the USAID mission was in Indonesia in 2007-2010. At that time his mission turned out to be "economically oriented". It was extremely necessary for the United States to weaken the main players inside the largest OPEC cartel of oil producers, which already at that time was trying to put pressure on prices to prevent the growing production of shale oil in the United States. Working with the oppositional ruling party forces (primarily the Golkar party) at the government level, he also sponsored supporters of the struggle for the rights of Christians, trying to put pressure on incumbent President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. As a result, mass clashes between Christians and Muslims broke out in the country, resulting in numerous sacrifices, and a split in the coalition government. All this was done to ensure that Yudhoyono adopted a key decision for the US - to withdraw Indonesia from the OPEC membership. Indonesia is one of the largest oil-producing countries in the world (it ranks 13th in terms of oil exports in the OPEC, but it is one of the leaders in the export of gasoline and other petroleum products).

Having worked the scenario in one oil country, Edwards tried similarly to pressure another oil production leader, Venezuela (prior to his appointment to Central Asia, he was the Director of South America Affairs at the LAC Bureau, which oversaw USAID programs in Colombia, Peru, Paraguay, Brazil, Ecuador and Venezuela).

With the advent of Edwards, USAID launched a large-scale program to support opposition forces. About US $ 100 million was channeled through USAID for these purposes.

The reason for such pressure on Venezuela was simple - after coming to power of the now-deceased Hugo Chavez and then Nicolas Maduro, who continued his legacy, the country expropriated and nationalized more than 1,400 private companies, including the assets of the largest American oil producers, such as ExxonMobile. These include the assets themselves and also a much more attractive prospect. The US State Department estimates the unexplored natural resources of the Guyana-Suriname basin, stretching from eastern Venezuela to northern Brazil, 15 billion barrels of oil and 42 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. (The second most unexplored field in the world). Neither Texan ExxonMobil nor the State Department could just overlook such riches. The oil and gas resources that have been found there are estimated at more than $ 40 billion.

Destabilization of the situation in Venezuela and the attempt to change the power to the forces controlled by the US State Department was the desire to strengthen the US influence within the OPEC and dictate its own "playing conditions" for world oil prices. In fact, oil reserves in Venezuela are the largest among the OPEC member countries, and account for 24.8 percent. Control over prices will allow Washington not only to ensure its own energy security, but, first and foremost, to place China, the main consumer of oil, in a dependent position.

Edwards at the western borders of China and the southern borders of Russia means Washington is trying to assert its influence in Central Asia, including such means as political clashes between the neighboring countries.

The now former Kyrgyz leader Almazbek Atambayev, leaving his post, made accusations against the neighboring Kazakhstan, strangely, this also happened after Edwards’s appointment to Central Asia.

Another strange coincidence was Bishkek's refusal of Kazakhstan’s US $ 100 million. That is exactly how much the US State Department spent to finance the unrest in Venezuela; and the amount that spent in the mid-2000s on stoking the clashes between Christians and Muslims in Indonesia.

Furthermore, the Kyrgyz State Committee for National Security, has been headed by Abdil Segizbayev for the past year and a half.  Not long ago, Segizbayev was the coordinator of the Soros Foundation in Kyrgyzstan. In the past eighteen months the supporters of radical Islamist movements had the most widespread support in the region and increased the flow of contraband from China to the territory of the Eurasian Economic Union.

With Edwards relocating to Central Asia experts warn of inevitable instability in Kyrgyzstan. This would benefit the US and hinder China's economic expansion to the east. What’s more, this move infuriates Russia, which does not need a hotbed of instability at its southern borders. After all, there is no guarantee that the flames of unrest would not spread from Kyrgyzstan to the neighboring countries.

SOURCE: http://jebe.kg/2017/12/15/%D1%81%D0%B5%D1%8E%D1%82-%D0%BB%D0%B8-%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B5-%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%8B-%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80-%D0%B2-%D1%81%D1%82/

 

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